Management of Eye Diseases & other Ocular Conditions

Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes, which causes damage to the cells and blood vessels at the back of the eye (retina). The elevated blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) in a patient with diabetes results in:

  • Retinal blood capillary leakage & occlusion
  • Retinal & macular edema
  • Formation of new blood vessels & fibrous tissue – in proliferative diabetic retinopathy

Early diabetic retinopathy is usually asymptomatic. As disease progresses, you may notice:

  • Having a dark or empty spot in the center of your vision
  • Distortion of shapes
  • Reduced central vision
  • Severe loss of vision

Treatment for diabetic retinopathy includes:

  • Laser treatment to seal leaking blood vessels or to halt new blood vessels from forming
  • Vitrectomy (surgical procedure) to remove and replace the gel-like fluid in the back of the eye, called the vitreous. This may be needed in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic Retinopathy
Vision with Diabetic Retinopathy (left)   Normal Vision (right)
Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetic Retinopathy

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